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Shah Alam is a city in the Petaling District (together with a small portion of neighbouring Klang District) within Selangor State, Malaysia. It is located about 25 kilometres (15 mi) west of the country's capital, Kuala Lumpur. In 1978, it replaced Kuala Lumpur as the capital city of the state of Selangor due to Kuala Lumpur's incorporation into a Federal Territory in 1974. Shah Alam was the first planned city in Malaysia after independence in 1957.
Shah Alam was once known as Sungai Renggam and was noted for its rubber and oil palm estates. Later, the same area was identified as Batu Tiga prior to Malaysian independence, and has been a centre of rubber and palm oil trade for centuries. Its current name was chosen by the then state Sultan of Selangor, Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah, after his late father Sultan Alam Shah. Many other monuments, buildings and even a street are named after the late Sultan. Shah Alam was granted city status on 10 October 2000 with Dato' Haji Abu Sujak Haji Mahmud as the first mayor.
Malaysia grew rapidly after its independence in 1957 under the ‘Father of Modernization’, the second Prime Minister of Malaysia, Allahyarham Tun Abdul Razak Hussein. Shah Alam was opened in 1963 with the purpose of making it the administrative center of Selangor once Kuala Lumpur was made a Federal District on February 1st, 1974. With the consent of 8th DYMM Sultan of Selangor, Almarhum Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Al-Haj on December 7th, 1978, Shah Alam was proclaimed the capital of Selangor with an area of 41.68 square km. Shah Alam had encountered several processes of extending its areas and the last was on January 1st 1997. Through the Gazette Plan 1190, Shah Alam was extended to 293 square km.
City layoutShah Alam has a similar urban layout to Petaling Jaya or Subang Jaya with housing areas occupying most of the city (55.2 km²) and commercial centres scattered around the different 'Seksyen' (sections). There are 56 sections in total. Generally Shah Alam can be devided into north, central and south part. North Shah Alam consist of 18 Sections including Section U1, U2, Kampung Melayu Subang and many more. It comprise the brown colored area in the map beside. Central Shah Alam is the 'main' part of Shah Alam. It is where all the state administrative building and agencies are situated. It consist of Section 1 until Section 24 seen in the map as beige colored area. South Shah Alam consist of 12 Sections incuding Section 25(Sri Muda), Section 30 (Jalan Kebun), Section 31 (Kota Kemuning) and Section 32 (Bukit Rimau). In the map, the south Shah Alam is seen as the light purple colored area.
The city has a number of shopping malls (Plaza Alam Sentral, (also known as PAS), SACC Mall, Plaza Shah Alam (formerly known as Shah Alam Mall,also known as Plaza Masalam), Ole-Ole Seksyen 18, Anggerik Mall and Kompleks PKNS) and it has many schools, shops, banks, eateries, cafes, hotels, medical centres, clinics, large hypermarkets (notably Tesco, Giant and Tesco Extra) and recreational areas. Vibrant commercial areas are situated mostly at the city centre (Seksyen 14), Seksyen 13 and Seksyen 9. There is a conspicuous absence of cinemas in the city.
All of the main roads and streets in Shah Alam including the new townships such as Setia Alam and Kota Kemuning have signs with their names shown in both Roman and Jawi scripts.
::See also List of roads in Shah Alam
EconomyThe main plant of the Malaysian car manufacturer Proton is located in the industrial outskirts of Shah Alam. The city is flourished as a growing urban settlement after the Proton car manufacturing plant was set up, which marked the beginning of the city as an industrial city. There are many companies who have their main plants in the industrial areas, both local and foreign in dedicated area of Shah Alam such as Section 21 and 26.
Many of Shah Alam residents work in other cities such as Subang Jaya or Kuala Lumpur.
EducationThe Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM, formerly known until 1996 as Institut Teknologi MARA or ITM) is located nearby the state capital. The whole university area occupies an entire section on the western hills of the city known as Seksyen 1. At Seksyen 17, there is also a branch campus of UiTM called INTEC UiTM (International Education Centre), where its students undergo preparation programmes for overseas studies. INTEC UiTM is the only UiTM campus where non-bumiputra students are accepted for admission.
Other institutions of higher learning in Shah Alam include Universiti Industri Selangor, Management and Science University (MSU), and its affiliate college, PTPL College. Shah Alam also has several industrial-related education centres namely Shah Alam Polytechnic (or Politeknik Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah), CIAST, and ADTEC.
Shah Alam is served by many primary and secondary schools. Sometimes, the number of schools exceeded the population of the residential areas. For example, in Taman Alam Megah, Taman Bunga Negara and Taman Bukit Saga which are situated in Section 27 and Section 28, there are three secondary schools and seven primary schools. In contrast, in Section 16 and 17, the only secondary school for them is SMK Seksyen 16. Currently, Shah Alam has 23 secondary schools, 1 technical school, 1 vocational school, and 37 primary schools.
Chinese Taipei International School (Kuala Lumpur) is situated in Section 32,Shah Alam.
[http://www.cts.edu.my/web2008/] It is the only international school in Shah Alam.
SportsShah Alam is one of the cities in Malaysia which has many facilities for sports enthusiasts. This is because there is a fully-equipped sports complex known as Kompleks Sukan Shah Alam or Shah Alam Sports Complex.
Among the facilities located within the Complex is the gigantic Stadium Shah Alam or Shah Alam Stadium.Shah Alam Stadium is the home of Selangor FC. Shah Alam Stadium was the biggest stadium in Malaysia with 80 000 seats prior to the construction of the National Stadium, Bukit Jalil which could accommodate up to 100 000 spectators. Shah Alam Stadium featured a challenge in first leg of the The Amazing Race Asiaseason 1 where teams had to ride go-karts around the circuit.
Apart from Stadium Shah Alam, there is Stadium Melawati or the Melawati Stadium, an indoor stadium that could accommodate 40 000 people in a time. Besides sports, this stadium had been used for several occasions such as the final concert of Akademi Fantasia and the Perhimpunan Pekerja 2008 held by the Dewan Pemuda PAS. The biggest occasion held in this stadium was the boxing finals of the 1998 Commonwealth Games which saw Malaysian's Sapok Biki won a gold medal. On 25 Feb & 26 Feb 2011, Maher Zain, a popular Swedish R&B singer, songwriter and music producer of Lebanese origin held a 2 days concert in Melawati Stadium. Tickets were sold out for both days.
The Shah Alam Sports Complex also include the Pusat Akuatik Darul Ehsan or the Darul Ehsan Aquatic Center, a Go-Kart track located within the Stadium Shah Alam parking compound, as well as the Shah Alam Extreme Park located in Section 13.
Shah Alam also host 2 events for 1998 Commonwealth Games, road cycling and boxing.
TransportationCars and motorcycles are the main transportation use by people in Shah Alam.
KTM Komuter serves four stations in Shah Alam :
:* Batu Tiga Komuter station
:* Shah Alam Komuter station - situated at the southern part of the city in Seksyen 19
:* Padang Jawa Komuter station - at Seksyen 17 and
:* Sungai Buloh Komuter station - at Seksyen U20
[Majlis Bandaraya Shah Alam]
Shah Alam is well connected to other main cities in Klang Valley by highways such as the Federal Highway, New Klang Valley Expressway (NKVE), Shah Alam Expressway (KESAS), Guthrie Corridor Expressway (GCE), North-South Expressway Central Link (ELITE) and the newest highway Kemuning-Shah Alam Highway (LKSA). Shah Alam is well connected to main transportation hubs such as the Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) (30 km south of the city) and KL Sentral in Kuala Lumpur. Buses and taxis provide public transport in commercial areas in the city.
ClinicsShah Alam is served with many private clinics that exist in every part and residential parks in the city. The main government's clinic, on the other hand, is located in Section 7 and known as Poliklinik Komuniti Shah Alam (Shah Alam Community Polyclinic).
HospitalsA government's hospital is currently under construction. It is located besides the government's clinic in Section 7. The construction is expected to be completed in 2010 and can accommodate up to 300 beds at a time.
There are private hospitals in Shah Alam too. Currently, Shah Alam residents go to these hospitals for treatment while waiting for the new government's hospital to be ready. The hospitals are:
KPJ Healthcare Selangor (formerly known as Selangor Medical Centre)
Darul Ehsan Medical Centre Salam Medical Centre (Shah Alam Specialist Hospital) Columbia Asia Medical Centre
Private Hearing Care CentrePrivate hearing care centre is established with the purpose to help people with hearing loss. The centre has services for hearing assessment, hearing aid, cochlear implant and rehabilitation to the people.
Pro-hearing Audiolab and IES Cochlear Implant Centre (Shah Alam Branch)
LandmarksSultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Mosque
Main article: Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Mosque
Shah Alam is most famous for its mosque, the Masjid Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah. The Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Mosque is also known as the Blue Mosque and has been claimed to be the largest mosque in Malaysia, and one of the largest in Southeast Asia. Its most distinguishing feature is its large blue and silver dome, which measures 51.2 m (167 ft) in diameter and reaches 106.7 m (350 ft) above ground level. The mosque has four minarets erected at the corners, each minaret is 142.3 m (460 ft) tall. The mosque was commissioned by the late Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz, when he declared Shah Alam as the new capital of Selangor on 14 February 1974. Construction of the mosque was completed on 11 March 1988.
The mosque has the capacity to accommodate 24,000 worshippers at any one time. It also has the distinction of having the world's tallest minarets and at 106.7 m (350 ft) above ground level it has the largest religious dome in the world. The dome is constructed of aluminium and the outer surface is clad with vitreous enamel-baked triangular steel panels, the outer surface of the dome is decorated with a traditional design including rosettes of Quranic verse. It can accommodate 24,000 worshippers at any one time.
Garden of Islamic Arts
The Blue Mosque overlooks the Garden of Islamic Arts, a landscaped park inspired by the Quranic Garden of Paradise. This 14 hectares of spiritual sanctuary houses nine galleries exhibiting a rich array of Islamic arts such as calligraphy, sculptures, paintings and architecture. The site is occasionally used for traditional Islamic performances.
Muzium Sultan Alam Shah Selangor State Museum
The Selangor State Museum (Muzium Alam Shah) displays many treasures and artifacts related to the history of Selangor. Adjacent to the museum is the Selangor State Library (Perpustakaan Raja Tun Uda). The Selangor Islamic Arts Complex (Kompleks Kesenian Islam Selangor or Riyadh Fannil Islam) is situated nearby, housing many Islamic masterpieces and creativities such as a variety of Islamic calligraphy, known as khat, and a number of precious treasures. An Islamic Art College is located within the Complex. At the banks of the Lake Gardens, an art gallery and performance centre called Laman Budaya is located, where exhibitions and shows regularly take place.
The city is surrounded by many beautiful parks and gardens, such as the Shah Alam Lake Gardens (developed around seven artificial lakes), the Bukit Cahaya Sri Alam Agricultural Park (soon to be National Botanical Gardens) and the Alam Megah Recreational Park, situated in Section 28.
Culture&AttractionUptown Shah Alam
Uptown Shah Alam is located in Section 24 near the LKSA highway. It is a very popular place for locals where it is more than just a flea market. There are food stalls and events such as concert and games every now and then. It open from 8.00 pm until 3.00 am everyday.
Car boot Sale
Every Sunday morning at Shah Alam Stadium's car park area, car boot sale is held together with Sunday morning markets. Many items were on sale including clothing, garden items, art, shoes and collectibles.
Bon Odori (meaning simply Bon dance) is an yearly event held during Obon. It is celebrated as Japanese Buddhist custom to honor the departed (deceased) spirits of one's ancestors. In Malaysia, Bon Odori Festivals are also celebrated in a smaller scale every year in Penang and at the Panasonic Sports Complex in Section 21, Shah Alam, Selangor. Held mainly to expose locals to a part of Japanese culture, the festival provides the experience of a variety of Japanese food & drinks, art and dance. Celebration in Malaysia is more towards culture compared to of religion. Admission is free and this event is organised by The Japan Club of Kuala Lumpur, The Japanese School of Kuala Lumpur and The Embassy of Japan.
Wet World is known as Malaysia's largest water theme park chain, promising an unforgettable family-oriented thrilling experience of fun and adventure! A favorite destination for a splashing fun-filled family outing, it attracts visitors with its comprehensive range of exhilarating theme rides, attractions, restaurants and recreational facilities for all ages.It has three venues in Malaysia, strategically located at Wet World Shah Alam, Selangor; Wet World Batu Pahat, Johor; and Wet World Air Panas, Pedas, Negeri Sembilan. The Shah Alam Wet World Theme Park is open weekdays (except Wednesday) from 1pm to 7pm. On Saturdays, Sundays and Public Holidays from 10am to 8pm.
Sister cities* Tangerang, Indonesia
Notes and references==External links==
Translation: ar » شاه علام
Translation: de » Shah Alam
Translation: es » Shah Alam
Translation: fa » شاه عالم
Translation: fr » Shah Alam
Translation: id » Shah Alam
Translation: mk » Шах Алам
Translation: mr » शाह आलम
Translation: ms » Shah Alam
Translation: nl » Shah Alam
Translation: ja » シャー・アラム
Translation: pl » Shah Alam
Translation: pt » Shah Alam
Translation: ru » Шах-Алам
Translation: sv » Shah Alam
Translation: tl » Shah Alam
Translation: zh » 莎阿南
Alphabetical Index: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 23/04/2014 - 20:26pm Wednesday 23rd April 2014 This article contains content from Wikipedia and is released under GNU FDL